Dr. Einav Horowitz attended the Hebrew University Medical School in Jerusalem. After graduating in 2002, she served as a military doctor, first in a combat unit of the Air Defense, than in an Air Force base and finally as a chair-person of a medical fitness review board.
After being discharged from service, with a rank of Captain, she did a short term as a psychiatry resident, before choosing not to make a career in practicing medicine, but rather to become involved in healthcare policy. In June 2006, she joined the Israeli Center for Technology Assessment in Health Care (ICTAHC), in the Gertner Institute, where she became involved in Quality of Life research and Economic Evaluation. She assisted in the translation and validation of the Hebrew version of the European Quality of Life 5-Dimension questionnaire and creation of the Israeli tariff. She also worked on developing a method for obtaining utilities for Cost-Utility analyses using hypothetical scenarios of health states.
In 2008, she started working on her PhD in Health System Management from the Reccanati School of Business Management in Tel Aviv University. In her thesis, she examines the possibility of using Stochastic Dominance as an analytic tool to assess the validity of clinical guidelines.
Currently she is working in ICTAHC, studying health policy and decision making in regard to assessment and reimbursement of health technologies. She work with the Medical Technology and Infrastructure Administration in the Israeli Ministry of Health on conducting Health Technology Assessment of non-pharmaceutical medical technologies (medical devices, procedures and services) and as a part of a team intended at integrating data on cost-effectiveness into the decision making in updating the Israeli National List of Health Services ("Health Basket"). She also gives guest lectures on cost-effectiveness analysis for MHA and Public Health students in Tel Aviv University.